大武壠語說世界:Rara ka maka-Taivoan

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Taivoan
Rara ka maka-Taivoan
Uni
Nawnamuan Tainan ki Kaohsiung ki Hualian
ki Taitung apa tu Taiwan
Tautau Taivoan
Pipina ki tama-urara
Katara'an ki Rara
  • East Formosan

      • Taivoan–Makatao
        • Taivoan
Patax
Hay kidi ki rara
Hay rara tu
Pukidi'en ki rara
ISO 639-3 fos
Glottolog taiv1237


 Hmawat ta lbax kata ki rara ka maka-Taivoan. Hiro ka ma-kiap ko kmalang ki hala, m-ukita-a ki Maka-Taivoan.
Itu-kuan ki rara ka maka-Taivoan ka Lalumad ki Taivoan apa.

Rara ka maka-Taivoan ta rara ka ni-pura'en ki tautau ti Taivoan, ka ni-papatimawa'ey ato ki tama-matautaux lam ki tautau ka Taivoan ka ma-using.

Rara ka maka-Taivoan ka m-anini[1]

Kakutungan ki 1-10 Purux Purux ki Nawnamu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Maka-Austronesia ka Rie *əsa

*isa

*duSa *təlu *Səpat *lima *ənəm *pitu *walu *Siwa *(sa-)puluq
Maka-Siraya ka Rie *saat *ðusa *turu *səpat *rǐma *nəm *pitu *kuixpa *ma-tuda *saat ki tian
Maka-Taivoan Suannsamna Sia-urie sa'a zua to'o sipat

gaspa

u-rima

rima

u-rumu

rumu

u-pitu

pitu

u-waru

waru

hsiya --
Siaolin Tevorangh caha' zuha

ruha

duha

-- -- -- -- -- -- matuha kaipien
Alikuan Tevorangh caha luha toho paha hima lom kito

kitot

kipa macuha kaitian

kaitekin

Kahsianpoo Tevorangh sa'ad

sa'at

ruha

duha

tohu

tuhu

pahad

pahat

hima lum

rum

kito

kitu

kipat matuha kaitian

kaitiang

Dazhuang Tevorangh

Vogavon

ca-ca'a ra-ruha ta-to'o ta-pat ta-rima ta-num tyausen rapako ravasen kaiten
Maka-Taivoan tu patautauxen caha' ruha toho paha' hima lom kito' kipa' matuha kaipien

Uni

Uni ki ana'

Amax Tukad Rikur
Il'b-an i, y /i/ u /u/
Tamawx e /e/ e /ə/
Lutuaf-en a /a/ o /o/

Uni ki arak

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop p /p/ t /t/

d /d/

k /k/

g /g/

^ /ʔ/
Frictive f /f/

v /v/[pukakidi 1]

s /s/

z /z/

x /x/ h /h/
Sibilant c /t͡s/
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ng /ŋ/
Trill r /r/
Lateral approximant l /l/
Approximant w /w/ y /j/

Kakutungan[1]

1 caha' 11 saka
2 ruha 12 bazun
3 toho 13 kuzun
4 paha' 14 langlang
5 hima 15 linta
6 lom 16 takuba
7 kito' 17 kasin
8 kipa' 18 komsim
9 matuha 19 tabatak
10 kaipien 20 kaitiyang
Pikakunun ki tunun[pukakidi 2]
21 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki caha' 30 tu-tuhu kaipien
22 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki ruha 40 *pa-paha' kaipien
23 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki tuhu 50 *hi-hima kaipien
24 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki paha' 60 lo-lom kaipien
25 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki hima 70 *ki-kito' kaipien
26 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki lom 80 *ki-kipa' kaipien
27 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki kito' 90 matuha kaipien
28 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki kipa' 99 matuha kaipien ab ki matuha
29 *ru-ruha kaipien ab ki matuha 100 ka'atuxan
4,000 paha' katununan
5,000 hima katununan

Ni-paki-valey-en ato ta kakutungan ka na saka tu kidi ki kaitian tu Kahsianpoo lam ki raruma ki purux ti Taivoan, mama ki Alikuan ka kasay ki papahaviriviri'an ka ma-ramax. Ni-paka-vana-aw ki papahaviriviri'an ka raruma ki kakutungan ka na 1 tu kidi ki 10, ki liling lava ki kakutungan ka na 11 tu kidi ki 20 ti Taivoan tu caha.

Kidi ki Paikakuan

Nanang ki Pinalang[1][2][pukakidi 3]

pinalang Independent Nominative Genitive Oblique
tu caha 1s iau kuri -ku iyaw-an
2s *imho **ko -ho *imho-an
3s *teni *ta teni **-tin *tini-an
ma-tapang 1p.i *imita *kita *-(m)ita *imita-n
1p.e *imian *kame *-(m)ian *imian-an
2p imomi kamo *-(m)omi imomi-an
3p *naini *ta naini **-nin *naini-an

Sasolat ki rara ka maka-Taivoan

Pa-ha'en mi-kakua ki madax ki sasulat tu rara ka maka-Taivoan tu kitatay tu takaluluxan apa ka rie alay ki tatanen tmamud, ka aikakun ta "He Bo Lo" ka tatayen ki Xue Pan Qin Jin (薛潘清金) tu Alikuan:

he ei bo lo lo na le ah he

he ei bo lo lo na sai ah he

he ei sai a na ho to na gei ah he

he ei sai i na o he na nng ah he

he ei tai sa kei ki ki ah he

he ei pa ta to ke to kei kei ah he

he ei ma ku ha ku ku a ti ah he

he ei la to o tei sa ba lei ah he

he ei lo a ba te li ki li ah he

he ei ta lo kun tab a tab a ah he

he ei ba ka ba ta’ ou kau sa ah he

he ei ta li kun ta gi chin ah he

he ei tan ma o gei o gei o ah he

he ei koe i ha pa gia kong kong ah he

he ei sa lo u ha pa to la long ah he

he ei koe i ha long ping na ping ah he

he ei ping na ping kei to pung ah he

he ci koe i an ta tan o tan o tan ah he

he ei bo ko na lo ki bu ang ah he

he ei ka i lo ma lo ma li ah he

he ei ka i lo ma le ga le ah he

Ukit'-eyl apa

Pukakidi

  1. Akomiya ta v /v/ ki caha ki allophone ka b /b/.
  2. Paka-vana ta pukakidi ki kakiu (*) ki rara ka asi paka-s'hut-en apa.
  3. Paka-vana ta pukakidi ki kakiu (**) ki rara ka ni-paka-s'hut-en ato tu Sasolat ka maka-Sinckang.

Paka-nawnamuan

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tsuchida, Shigeru; Yamada, Yukihiro; Moriguchi, Tsunekazu (1991). Linguistic Materials of the Formosan Sinicized Populations I: Siraya and Basai. Tokyo: The University of Tokyo Department of Linguistics.
  2. Adelaar, Alexander (2011). Siraya. Retrieving the Phonology, Grammar and Lexicon of a Dormant Formosan Language. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

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