大武壠語說世界:Rara ka maka-Taivoan

相關類別: Wikipedia ki Taivoan | 0

Wp/tvx/Rara ka maka-Taivoan

Taivoan
Rara ka maka-Taivoan
Uni
NunamuanTainan ki Kaohsiung ki Hualian
ki apa to Taiwan
TautauTaivoan
Pipina ki tama-urara
Katara'an ki Rara
  • East Formosan

      • Taivoan–Makatao
        • Taivoan
Patah
Hay kidi ki rara
Hay rara tu
Pukidi'en ki rara
ISO 639-3tvx
Glottologtaiv1237


 Hamawat ta lbah kata ki rara ka maka-Taivoan. Hiro ka makiap ko mavangara ki hala, ukitaa ki Maka-Taivoan.
Itu-kuan ki rara ka maka-Taivoan ka Lalumad ti Taivoan apa.

Rara ka maka-Taivoan ta rara ka ni-pura'en ki tautau ti Taivoan, ka ni-papatimawa'ey ato ki tama-matautaux lam ki tautau ka Taivoan ka ma-using.

Rara ka maka-Taivoan ka m-anini[1]

Kakutungan ki 1-10PuruhPuruh ki pakanunamuan12345678910
Proto-Austronesian*əsa

*isa

*duSa*təlu*Səpat*lima*ənəm*pitu*walu*Siwa*(sa-)puluq
Proto-Siraya*saat*ðusa*turu*səpat*rǐma*nəm*pitu*kuixpa*ma-tuda*saat ki tian
Maka-TaivoanSuannsamnaSia-uriesa'azuato'osipat

gaspa

u-rima

rima

u-rumu

rumu

u-pitu

pitu

u-waru

waru

hsiya--
SiaolinTevoranghcaha'zuha

ruha

duha

------------matuhakaipien
AlikuanTevoranghcahaluhatohopahahimalomkito

kitot

kipamacuhakaitian

kaitekin

KahsianpooTevoranghsa'ad

sa'at

ruha

duha

tohu

tuhu

pahad

pahat

himalum

rum

kito

kitu

kipatmatuhakaitian

kaitiang

DazhuangTevorangh

Vogavon

ca-ca'ara-ruhata-to'ota-patta-rimata-numtyausenrapakoravasenkaiten
Maka-Taivoan to patutuhencaha'ruhatohopaha'himalomkito'kipa'matuhakaipien

Uni

Uni ki ana'

AmaxTukadRikur
Il'b-ani, y /i/u /u/
Tamawxe /e/e /ə/
Lutuaf-ena /a/o /o/

Uni ki arak

BilabialLabio-dentalDentalAlveolarPalatalVelarGlottal
Stopp /p/t /t/

d /d/

k /k/

g /g/

^ /ʔ/
Frictivef /f/

v /v/[pukakidi 1]

s /s/

z /z/

x /x/h /h/
Sibilantc /t͡s/
Nasalm /m/n /n/ng /ŋ/
Trillr /r/
Lateral approximantl /l/
Approximantw /w/y /j/

Silalan ki Uni

Sililan ki UniPaikakunung
PAnProto-Siraya

maka-Siraya ka Rie

Siraya ka

maka-Utrecht

Rara ka

maka-Gospel

Taivoan ka

maka-Tevorangh

Proto-Siraya

maka-Siraya ka Rie

Siraya ka

maka-Utrecht

Rara ka

maka-Gospel

Taivoan ka

maka-Tevorangh

Rara ka maka-Makataopahaviriviri'en
*N*N-l-ln*quzaNudaludaluran, ulanrain
*buraNvuralvuralbuanMoon
*θapaNsapalrapalhyapan, rapanfoot
*tawiNtawiltawiltawinyear
mutingiltamatingin, tamatiginlittle finger
*l*rrrØ / h*rimarimarimahimahand, five
*rutuŋrutongutungmonkey
ruvoguvok, huvokcooked rice
*tangiratangiratangiratangyaear
*darangdarangdarangla'anroad
*m-i-rungmaongmiraonmi'unto sit
*turuturoturotohothree
rikatrikatigaklightning
m-ururaum-o'owao, m-owaowaosing
*d

*z

*d

s / d-d / r-l / r*ðuhasasoaruhaluha, ruhatwo
*ðapalsapalrapalhyapan, rapanfoot
*ðalumsalomrarumlalum, rarumwater
*-ðayatagaseiataareyasidaya, cidayaeast
*ðiradadilalalilatongue
*darangdarangdarangla'anroad
-d--d-l / r*quzaNudaludaluranrain
makdungmadadaumbalauheavy
*RgØØ / ktagatimogta'atimawxtatibu, butibuksouth
*waɣiwagiwa'imaki, bakiSun
aguangakamriver
agitaitakut, yakutbelt, girdle
*S*sg-x-hma-xangeyma-hangayhungry
goumgoumhomhombramble
-g--x-Ø / h*-səpatpa-gpatxpatpaha'four
*-səpatkugipatkuixpakipaeight
tagatimogta'atimawxtatibusouth
-g-xØ / h / k*taNastalagtalaxtara, tarahhouse
*bukəsvukigvukuxmukuk, bukuk(head) hair
tagatimogta'atimawxtatibusouth
*waNiswaligwalixbaletooth
ruvoguvokcooked rice
*w*w*w*wb / m*waNiswaligwalixbalelagit (Kalapo), ware (Takketen)tooth
*waɣiwagiwa'imaki, bakiwageSun
mabakmawa("heart")belly
*b*b*v*vma / ba

bi / bo / bu

*bukəxvukigvukuxmukuk, bukuk(head) hair
*bixbixvigvigbibitlips
viilbinbrothers
vangaramanga, magamortar
vatibatighost
*bələmvulumbauncloud
*bukinvukingvukinbukinmountain
mavutamavutamabutablind
vovoatmohatporridge

Kakutungan[1]

1caha'11saka
2ruha12bazun
3toho13kuzun
4paha'14langlang
5hima15linta
6lom16takuba
7kito'17kasin
8kipa'18komsim
9matuha19tabatak
10kaipien20kaitiyang
Pikakunun ki tunun[pukakidi 2]
21*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki caha'30tu-tuhu kaipien
22*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki ruha40*pa-paha' kaipien
23*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki tuhu50*hi-hima kaipien
24*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki paha'60lo-lom kaipien
25*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki hima70*ki-kito' kaipien
26*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki lom80*ki-kipa' kaipien
27*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki kito'90matuha kaipien
28*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki kipa'99matuha kaipien ab ki matuha
29*ru-ruha kaipien ab ki matuha100ka'atuhan
4,000paha' katununan
5,000hima katununan

Ni-paki-valey-en ato ta kakutungan ka na saka tu kidi ki kaitian tu Kahsianpoo lam ki raruma ki purux ti Taivoan, mama ki Alikuan ka kasay ki papahaviriviri'an ka ma-ramax. Ni-paka-vana-aw ki papahaviriviri'an ka raruma ki kakutungan ka na 1 tu kidi ki 10, ki liling lava ki kakutungan ka na 11 tu kidi ki 20 ti Taivoan tu caha.

Kakutungan ka si'aw'awh

1stnunamu
2nd*araruha
3rd*atatoho
4th*apapaha'
5th*ahahima
6thalalom
7th*akakito'
8th*akakipa'
9th*amamatuha
10th*acacaha' kaipien

Kidi ki Paikakuan

Nanang ki Pinalang[1][2][pukakidi 3]

pinalangIndependentNominativeGenitiveOblique
tu caha1siyawkuri, kole-kuiyaw-an
2simhu**ko-hoimhu-an
3ste

tele, tene

tuni

ta te,

ta tele, ta tene

ta tuni

-te

-tele, -tene

-tuni

**-tin

tini-an
ma-tapang1p.i*imitakita-(m)ita*imita-n
1p.e*imian*kame*-(m)ian*imian-an
2pimomikamo, kama*-(m)omiimomi-an
3p*naini*ta naini**-nin*naini-an

Sasolat ki rara ka maka-Taivoan

Pa-ha'en mi-kakua ki madax ki sasulat tu rara ka maka-Taivoan tu kitatay tu takaluluxan apa ka rie alay ki tatanen tmamud, ka aikakun ta "He Bo Lo" ka tatayen ki Xue Pan Qin Jin (薛潘清金) tu Alikuan:

he ei bo lo lo na le ah he

he ei bo lo lo na sai ah he

he ei sai a na ho to na gei ah he

he ei sai i na o he na nng ah he

he ei tai sa kei ki ki ah he

he ei pa ta to ke to kei kei ah he

he ei ma ku ha ku ku a ti ah he

he ei la to o tei sa ba lei ah he

he ei lo a ba te li ki li ah he

he ei ta lo kun tab a tab a ah he

he ei ba ka ba ta’ ou kau sa ah he

he ei ta li kun ta gi chin ah he

he ei tan ma o gei o gei o ah he

he ei koe i ha pa gia kong kong ah he

he ei sa lo u ha pa to la long ah he

he ei koe i ha long ping na ping ah he

he ei ping na ping kei to pung ah he

he ci koe i an ta tan o tan o tan ah he

he ei bo ko na lo ki bu ang ah he

he ei ka i lo ma lo ma li ah he

he ei ka i lo ma le ga le ah he

Ukitayl apa

Pukakidi

  1. Akomiya ta v /v/ ki caha ki allophone ka b /b/.
  2. Paka-vana ta pukakidi ki kakiu (*) ki rara ka asi paka-s'hut-en apa.
  3. Paka-vana ta pukakidi ki kakiu (**) ki rara ka ni-paka-s'hut-en ato tu Sasolat ka maka-Sinckang.

Pakanunamuan

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tsuchida, Shigeru; Yamada, Yukihiro; Moriguchi, Tsunekazu (1991). Linguistic Materials of the Formosan Sinicized Populations I: Siraya and Basai. Tokyo: The University of Tokyo Department of Linguistics.
  2. Adelaar, Alexander (2011). Siraya. Retrieving the Phonology, Grammar and Lexicon of a Dormant Formosan Language. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Solat to panax

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